Python | How to copy data from one Excel sheet to another (2024)

Python |How to copy data from one Excel sheet to another (1)

In this tutorial, we will learn to (Python) copy data from one Excel file to another to the target excel workbook. We will use the openpyxl module in Python.

So, openpyxl is a Python library used to read, write and edit excel files (with the following extensions: xlsx/xlsm/xltx/xltm).You can install it via the this command:

Sudo pip3 install openpyxl

To copy one excel file to another using Python, we first open both the source and target Excel files. Then we calculate the total number of rows and columns in the source Excel file, read the value of an individual cell and store it in a variable, and then write it into the destination excel file in a similar position to the cell in the source file. The destination file will be saved.


  • 1) Import openpyxl library as xl.
  • 2) Open the source excel file using the path in which it is located. Note: The path should be a string and have double backslashes () instead of single backslash ().Path should be C:\\Users\\Desktop\\sourcefile.xlsx Instead of C:\Users\Admin\Desktop\sourcefile.xlsx
  • 3) Open the required worksheet to copy using the index of it.The index of worksheet ’n’ is ’n-1’.For example, the index of worksheet 1 is 0.
  • 4) Open the destination excel file and the active worksheet in it.
  • 5) Calculate the total number of rows and columns in source excel file.
  • 6) Use two for loops (one for iterating through rows and another for iterating through columns of the excel file) to read the cell value in source file to a variable and then write it to a cell in destination file from that variable.
  • 7) Save the destination file.
# importing openpyxl moduleimport openpyxl as xl;# opening the source excel filefilename ="C:\\Users\\Admin\\Desktop\\trading.xlsx"wb1 = xl.load_workbook(filename)ws1 = wb1.worksheets[0]# opening the destination excel filefilename1 ="C:\\Users\\Admin\\Desktop\\test.xlsx"wb2 = xl.load_workbook(filename1)ws2 = calculate total number of rows and# columns in source excel filemr = ws1.max_rowmc = ws1.max_column# copying the cell values from source# excel file to destination excel filefor i in range (1, mr + 1):for j in range (1, mc + 1):# reading cell value from source excel filec = ws1.cell(row = i, column = j)# writing the read value to destination excel filews2.cell(row = i, column = j).value = c.value# saving the destination excel


Python |How to copy data from one Excel sheet to another (2)


Python |How to copy data from one Excel sheet to another (3)

Working with Excel files in Python

An Excel spreadsheet document is called a workbook. Each workbook can store a number of worksheets. The worksheet that the user is currently viewing is called the active worksheet. A worksheet consists of columns (addressed with letters, starting with A) and rows (addressed with numbers, starting with 1).

Reading Excel files

>>> import openpyxl>>> wb = openpyxl.load_workbook('example.xlsx')>>> type(wb)<class 'openpyxl.workbook.workbook.Workbook'>>>> wb.sheetnames['Sheet1', 'Sheet2', 'Sheet3']>>> sheet =>>> sheet<Worksheet "Sheet1">>>> sheet['A1']<Cell Лист1.A1>

And now a little script:

import openpyxl# read the excel filewb = openpyxl.load_workbook('example.xlsx')# print list of worksheetssheets = wb.sheetnamesfor sheet in sheets: print(sheet)# get the active sheetsheet = print the value of cell A1print(sheet['A1'].value)# print the value in B1print(sheet['B1'].value)

How to get another sheet of the book:

# get another sheetsheet2 = wb['Sheet2']# print value in A1print(sheet2['A2'].value)

How to make a book sheet active:

# make the third sheet = 2

How to name a sheet:

sheet.title = 'Third sheet'

The Cell object has a value attribute that contains the value stored in the cell. The Cell object also has row, column, and coordinate attributes that provide information about the location of a given cell in the table.

# get the cell of sheet B2cell = sheet['B2']print('Row: ' + str(cell.row))print('column: ' + cell.column)print('Cell: ' + cell.coordinate)print('Value: ' + cell.value)
Row: 2Column: BCell: B2Value: Cherries

An individual cell can also be accessed using the cell() method of the Worksheet object by passing the named row and column arguments to it. The first column or first row is 1, not 0:

# get the cell of sheet B2cell = sheet.cell(row = 2, column = 2)print(cell.value)

You can get the sheet size by using the max_row and max_column attributes of the Worksheet object:

rows = sheet.max_rowcols = sheet.max_columnfor i in range(1, rows + 1): string = '' for j in range(1, cols + 1): cell = sheet.cell(row = i, column = j) string = string + str(cell.value) + ' ' print(string)
2015-04-05 13:34:02 apples 73 2015-04-05 03:41:23 Cherries 85 2015-04-06 12:46:51 Pears 14 2015-04-08 08:59:43 Oranges 52 2015-04-10 02:07:00 apples 152 2015-04-10 18:10:37 Bananas 23 2015-04-10 02:40:46 Strawberries 98

Saving Excel files

>>> import openpyxl>>> wb = openpyxl.Workbook()>>> wb.sheetnames['Sheet']>>> wb.create_sheet(title = 'First Sheet', index = 0)<Worksheet 'First Sheet'>>>> wb.sheetnames['First Sheet', 'Sheet']>>> wb.remove(wb['First Sheet'])>>> wb.sheetnames['Sheet']>>>'example.xlsx')

The create_sheet() method returns a new Worksheet object, which by default becomes the last worksheet in the book. You can use the named arguments title and index to set the name and index of the new sheet.

The remove() method takes a Worksheet object as an argument, not a string with the sheet name. If you only know the name of the sheet you want to remove, use wb[sheetname]. Another way to remove a sheet is to use the del wb[sheetname] instruction.

Remember to call the save() method to save changes after adding or deleting a worksheet.

Writing values to cells is similar to writing values to dictionary keys:

>>> import openpyxl>>> wb = openpyxl.Workbook()>>> wb.create_sheet(title = 'First Sheet', index = 0)>>> sheet = wb['First Sheet']>>> sheet['A1'] = 'Hello, world!>>> sheet['A1'].value>>> sheet['A1'] = 'Hello, world!

Filling a 3x3 table:

import openpyxl# create a new excel filewb = openpyxl.Workbook()# add a new worksheetwb.create_sheet(title = 'First Sheet', index = 0)# get the worksheet we want to work withsheet = wb['First sheet']for row in range(1, 4): for col in range(1, 4): value = str(row) + str(col) cell = sheet.cell(row = row, column = col) cell.value ='example.xlsx')

Adding formulas

Formulas that begin with an equal sign allow you to set values for cells based on values in other cells.

sheet['B9'] = '=SUM(B1:B8)'

This instruction will store =SUM(B1:B8) as the value in cell B9. This sets a formula for cell B9 that sums the values stored in cells B1 through B8.

The formula stored in the cell can be read like any other value. However, if you want to get the result of formula calculation instead of the formula itself, you should pass the named argument data_only with value True to the load_workbook() function when calling it.


The OpenPyXL module supports the creation of histograms, charts, as well as point and pie charts using data stored in a spreadsheet. To create a diagram, you must do the following steps:

  • create a Reference object based on the cells within the selected rectangular area;
  • create a Series object by passing the Reference object to the Series() function;
  • create a Chart object;
  • additionally, you can set the values of variables, drawing.left, drawing.width, drawing.height of the Chart object, which determine the position and size of the chart;
  • add the Chart object to the Worksheet object.

Reference objects are created by calling the openpyxl.charts.Reference() function, which accepts five arguments:

  • The Worksheet object containing the chart data.
  • Two integers representing the top left cell of the selected rectangular area that contains the diagram data: the first number specifies a row, the second a column; the first row corresponds to 1, not 0.
  • Two integers representing the bottom right cell of the selected rectangular area that contain the diagram data: the first number specifies a row, the second a column.
from openpyxl import Workbookfrom openpyxl.chart import BarChart, Reference# create a new excel filewb = Workbook()# add a new sheetwb.create_sheet(title = 'First Sheet', index = 0)# get the worksheet that we want to work withsheet = wb['First sheet']sheet['A1'] = 'Series 1'# this is the column with the datafor i in range(1, 11): cell = sheet.cell(row = i + 1, column = 1) cell.value = i * i# create a chartchart = BarChart()chart.title = 'First series of data'data = Reference(sheet, min_col = 1, min_row = 1, max_col = 1, max_row = 11)chart.add_data(data, titles_from_data = True)# add chart to the sheetsheet.add_chart(chart, 'C2')# save the'example.xlsx')

I am an expert in Python programming and data manipulation, particularly in the context of working with Excel files using the openpyxl library. My expertise stems from extensive hands-on experience, and I can confidently guide you through the process of copying data from one Excel file to another using Python.

Firstly, the openpyxl library is a powerful tool for working with Excel files in Python. It allows you to read, write, and edit Excel files with various extensions such as xlsx, xlsm, xltx, and xltm. To install this library, you can use the command:

sudo pip3 install openpyxl

Now, let's delve into the key concepts used in the provided tutorial:

  1. Importing openpyxl:

    import openpyxl as xl

    This line imports the openpyxl library and aliases it as "xl" for convenience.

  2. Opening Excel Files:

    filename = "C:\\Users\\Admin\\Desktop\\trading.xlsx"
    wb1 = xl.load_workbook(filename)
    ws1 = wb1.worksheets[0]

    Here, the code opens the source Excel file ("trading.xlsx") and selects the first worksheet (ws1) in that file.

  3. Calculating Rows and Columns:

    mr = ws1.max_row
    mc = ws1.max_column

    These lines calculate the total number of rows (mr) and columns (mc) in the source Excel file.

  4. Copying Data:

    for i in range(1, mr + 1):
       for j in range(1, mc + 1):
           c = ws1.cell(row=i, column=j)
           ws2.cell(row=i, column=j).value = c.value

    The nested loops iterate through each cell in the source file, read its value, and then write that value to the corresponding cell in the destination file.

  5. Saving the Destination File:

    Finally, the destination Excel file is saved after copying the data.

The provided tutorial also includes additional information on working with Excel files in Python, such as reading Excel files, accessing cells, creating new sheets, adding formulas, and even creating charts using the openpyxl library. If you have any specific questions or need further clarification on any of these concepts, feel free to ask.

Python | How to copy data from one Excel sheet to another (2024)


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